考试教材&辅导练习

        

《营养学(上》《营养学(下)》《考试大纲和辅导练习》《Public Health Nutrition》 

         注:中文教材及辅导练习可向培训机构申请,英文教材仅作为学习参考,自愿申请。


附:英文教材大纲

1. An Overview of Public Health Nutrition
          1.1     Introduction
          1.2     Organization of the book
          1.3     Definitions used in public health
          1.4     What are the key public health problems?
          1.5     Food and nutrition policy
          1.6     The public health nutrition cycle
          1.7     Step 1: Identify key nutrition-related problem
          1.8     Step 2: Set goals and broad aims
          1.9     Step 3: Define objectives
          1.10   Step 4: Create quantitative targets
          1.11   Step 5: Develop program
          1.12   Step 6: Implementation
          1.13   Step 7: Evaluation
                    Further reading

2. Nutritional Epidemiology
          2.1     Introduction
          2.2     Types of study
          2.3     Study design: sampling, study size and power
          2.4     Measuring exposure
          2.5     Measuring outcomes
          2.6     Measuring diet–disease (exposure–outcome) associations
          2.7     Interpretation of associations
          2.8     Expressing results from nutritional epidemiological studies
          2.9     Perspectives on the future 
                    Further reading

3. Assessment of Nutritional Status in Individuals and Populations
          3.1     Introduction
          3.2     Dietary assessment
          3.3     Biomarkers as measures for the assessment of nutritional status
          3.4     Anthropometric and other clinical measures
          3.5     Error in methods of assessment of nutritional status
          3.6     Perspectives on the future 
                    Further reading

4. Assessment of Physical Activity
          4.1     Introduction
          4.2     Definition of commonly used terms
          4.3     Dimensions of physical activity
          4.4     Reliability and validity of physical activity assessment instruments
          4.5     Physical activity assessment methods
          4.6     Perspectives on the future 
                    Further reading

5. Public Health Nutrition Strategies for Intervention at the Ecological Level
          5.1     Introduction
          5.2     Definition of the ecological approach
          5.3     Individual versus ecological approaches
          5.4     Key principles in the ecological approach
          5.5     Intervention
          5.6     Advantages and disadvantages of this approach
          5.7     Guidelines for using the ecological approach to design nutrition interventions
          5.8     Ethical issues to consider
          5.9     Ecological interventions to change eating habits
          5.10   Perspectives on the future 
                    Further reading

6. Public Health Nutrition Strategies for Intervention at the Individual Level
          6.1     Introduction
          6.2     Interventions of supplementary feeding, foods or nutrients
          6.3     Changing behavior without giving foods
          6.4     Evaluation of programs and interventions
          6.5     Perspectives on the future 
                    Further reading

7. Dietary Guidelines
          7.1     Introduction
          7.2     Overview of dietary recommendations
          7.3     Quantitative dietary guidelines
          7.4     Qualitative dietary guidelines
          7.5     Steps involved in devising food-based dietary guidelines
          7.6     Visual presentations of food guides related to dietary guidelines
          7.7     Perspectives on the future 
                    Further reading

8. Food Choice
          8.1     Introduction
          8.2     The study of food choice
          8.3     Population issues affecting food choice
          8.4     Individual issues affecting food choice
          8.5     Perspectives on the future 
                    Further reading

9. Public Health Aspects of Overnutrition
          9.1     Introduction
          9.2     Macronutrients, excess energy intake and overweight
          9.3     Obesity as a determinant of mortality and morbidity
          9.4     Perspectives on the future 
                    Further reading

10. Public Health Aspects of Undernutrition
          10.1    Introduction
          10.2    Definitions of undernutrition
          10.3    Clinical syndromes of undernutrition
          10.4    Micronutrient deficiency: “hidden hunger”
          10.5    Time trends and contemporary prevalences
          10.6    Etiology: determinants and conditioning factors for undernutrition
          10.7    Public health consequences of undernutrition
          10.8    Policy and programmatic issues in preventing undernutrition
          10.9    Policy and programmatic issues in reversing undernutrition
          10.10  Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

11. Vitamin A Deficiency
          11.1    Introduction
          11.2    Consequences of vitamin A deficiency
          11.3    Epidemiology
          11.4    Prevention and control
          11.5    Assessment of vitamin A status
          11.6    Monitoring and evaluation
          11.7    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

12. Iodine and Iodine-deficiency Disorders
          12.1    Introduction
          12.2    Definition of iodine deficiency
          12.3    Clinical features
          12.4    Iodine metabolism
          12.5    Reference intakes for iodine
          12.6    Public health aspects to iodine deficiency
          12.7    Management of iodine deficiency
          12.8    Assessment and elimination of iodine deficiency disorders
          12.9    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

13. Iron-deficiency Anemias
          13.1    Introduction
          13.2    Definition and clinical features of iron-deficiency anemia
          13.3    Iron metabolism
          13.4    Reference intakes for iron
          13.5    Public health implications of iron-deficiency anemia
          13.6    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

14. Fear of Fatness and Fad Slimming Diets
          14.1    Introduction
          14.2    Epidemiology
          14.3    Life-cycle fatness trends
          14.4    Definitions and descriptions
          14.5    Etiology
          14.6    Consequences for public health
          14.7    Prevention strategies
          14.8    Assessing body image
          14.9    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

15. Nutrition and Child Development
          15.1    Introduction
          15.2    Child development and the role of the environment
          15.3    Possible mechanisms linking undernutrition to poor development
          15.4    Prevalence of nutritional deficiencies
          15.5    Intrauterine growth retardation
          15.6    Breast-feeding and its influence on child development
          15.7    Wasting, stunting and severe clinical malnutrition
          15.8    Iron-deficiency anemia
          15.9    Iodine deficiency
          15.10  Zinc deficiency
          15.11  Vitamin A deficiency
          15.12  Studies on the effects of short-term hunger and school feeding
          15.13  Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

16. Infant Feeding
          16.1    Introduction
          16.2    Role and importance of breast-feeding
          16.3    Barriers to successful breast-feeding
          16.4    Breast-feeding challenges
          16.5    Potential feeding difficulties
          16.6    Breast-feeding and human immunodeficiency virus transmission
          16.7    Infant feeding after 6 months
          16.8    Monitoring the child’s growth: the road-to-health chart
          16.9    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

17. Adverse Outcomes in Pregnancy: The Role of Folate and Related B-Vitamins
          17.1    Introduction
          17.2    Biochemical basis for the role of folate in adverse outcomes of pregnancy
          17.3    Evidence that folate and other related vitamins play a protective role against adverse outcomes of pregnancy
          17.4    Prevention of folate-responsive adverse outcomes of pregnancy
          17.5    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

18. Maternal Nutrition, Fetal Programming and Adult Chronic Disease
          18.1    Introduction
          18.2    Observations establishing the link between size at birth and later cardiovascular disease
          18.3    Potential confounding influences
          18.4    Findings for particular cardiovascular and metabolic disorders
          18.5    Determinants of fetal growth and programming: the importance of fetal nutrition
          18.6    Maternal influences on fetal nutrition
          18.7    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

19. Cardiovascular Disease
          19.1    Introduction
          19.2    Epidemiology
          19.3    Correlations between coronary heart disease rates and food intake
          19.4    Prospective observation of subjects for whom diet histories are available
          19.5    Cardiovascular risk factors and their nutritional determinants
          19.6    Clinical trials of cardiovascular risk reduction by dietary modification
          19.7    Nutritional strategies for high-risk populations
          19.8    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

20. Diabetes Mellitus
          20.1    Introduction
          20.2    Classification of diabetes
          20.3    Diagnosis of diabetes
          20.4    Risk factors for the development of diabetes
          20.5    Diabetes as a public health issue
          20.6    Prevention and management of diabetes
          20.7    Scope for primary prevention of diabetes
          20.8    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

21. Cancer and Diet
          21.1    Introduction
          21.2    Mechanisms of effect of diet
          21.3    Carcinogenesis: initiation, promotion and progression to metastases
          21.4    Gene–nutrient interactions in carcinogenesis
          21.5    Epidemiological studies of diet and cancer
          21.6    Dietary constituents of interest
          21.7    Prevention: preventive potential
          21.8    Prevention guidelines for individuals and populations
          21.9    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading

22. Disease Prevention: Osteoporosis and Hip Fracture
          22.1    Introduction
          22.2    Definition
          22.3    Epidemiology: the scale of the problem
          22.4    The biology of bone health
          22.5    Perspectives on the future 
                     Further reading


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